Sundari tree Heritiera littoralis. Geography of South Asia. All the above mentioned places are near the Sunderbans and have easy access to waterways. The remaining portions of the forests were declared a reserve forest the following year and the forest, which was so far administered by the civil administration district, was placed under the control of the Forest Department. As the level of land rises through accretion and the land is only occasionally flooded by tides, Heritiera fomes begins to appear. The first Forest Management Division to have jurisdiction over the Sundarbans was established in The natural drainage in the upstream areas, other than the main river channels, is everywhere impeded by extensive embankments and polders.

Since Prain’s report there have been considerable changes in the status of various mangrove species and taxonomic revision of the man-grove flora. Another threat comes from deforestation and water diversion from the rivers inland, which causes far more silt to be brought to the estuary, clogging up the waterways. The forests provide habitat to faunal wildlife, including bird, fish, 42 mammal, 35 reptile and eight amphibian species. Bhagabatpur Bhagabatpur is home to a hatchery of the largest estuarine crocodiles in the world. The Sundari trees are exceptionally sensitive to salinity and are being threatened with extinction. Sundarbans West Wildlife Sanctuary. It is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger.

The park also has floating watch stations and camps to protect the property from poachers.

essay on sundarban national park

The first management plan was written for the period — It is also rich in fauna with species of wildlife which includes; 49 mammals, 59 reptiles, 8 amphibians, white fishes, 24 shrimps, 14 crabs and 43 mollusks species.


They have a thick canopy, and the undergrowth is mostly seedlings of the mangrove trees. This, coupled with an around 1. Fishing boat in Sundarbans. The monsoon season starts from mid-May and lasts till mid-September. It is the single largest source of forest produce in the country.

The sight of the royal Bengal tigers is found occasionally on this Island. List of rivers of Sundarbans. Situated in a unique bioclimatic zone within a typical geographical situation in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal, it is a landmark of ancient heritage of mythological and historical events. Init was described as a tract of unexamined waste country and was excluded from the census.

essay on sundarban national park

syndarban Sundarbaney Arjan Sardara novel by Shibshankar Mitra, and Padma Nadir Majhia novel by Manik Bandopadhyayare based on the rigors of lives of villagers and fishermen living in the Sunderbans region, and are woven into the Bengali psyche to a great extent.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, agriculturally used land, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels. These processes include monsoon rains, flooding, patk formation, tidal influence and plant colonization.

Information About Sundarbans National Park

For other uses, see Sundarbans disambiguation. The name Sundarban has been derived from the Sundari trees that are found in abundance in the Sundarbans National Park. In the dry winter season the land is normally uncropped and used for cattle grazing. They are the right environment for mangroves.

The Sundarbans

There are also marginal marshes above mean tide level, tidal sandbars and islands with their networks of tidal channels, subaqueous distal bars and proto-delta clays and silt sediments. Historically vegetation types have been recognised in broad correlation with varying degrees of water salinity, freshwater flushing and physiography.


All three wildlife sanctuaries were established in under the Nwtional Wildlife Preservation Amendment Act,having first been gazetted as forest reserves in Retrieved 29 November — via HighBeam Research. Another key management priority is the maintenance of ongoing ecological and hydrological process which could otherwise be threatened by ongoing developmental activities outside the property. Paul’s Cathedral Portuguese Church St. Other large mammals are wild boarchital horin spotted deerIndian otter and macaque monkey.

The Sundarbans forest is home to more than tigers. Retrieved 21 January The Sunderbans mudflats Banerjee, are found at the estuary and on the deltaic islands where low velocity of river and tidal current occurs.

essay on sundarban national park

The Sundarbans are trapped in the net, with small sumdarban of marine streams, mud shores and mangrove forests, small-scale archipelago. The fertile soils of the delta have been subject to intensive human use for centuries, and the ecoregion has been mostly converted to intensive agriculture, with few enclaves of forest remaining.

Hundreds of years of habitation and exploitation have exacted a heavy toll on this ecoregion’s habitat and biodiversity.

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