His “genius” and “divergent thinking” allowed Turner to break new ground with the presentation of his frontier thesis at the World Colombian Exposition. This page was last edited on 11 May , at We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and more intolerant of hierarchy. Indeed, his influence was felt in American classrooms until the s and 80s. Just as a talented journalist might someday make headlines, Turner’s work as a historian changed history itself. Thank you for your feedback.
Yet they also embraced democracy as they learned to live together and confront the difficulties they encountered as a group. More than a century after he first delivered his frontier thesis, historians still hotly debate Turner’s ideas and approach. These resulting institutions, Turner proclaims, are what made America an exceptional, independent, and unique nation. He asked why the Turnerian American character was limited to English settlements in the New World, and why the frontier did not produce that same character among Native Americans and Spaniards. Thompson sees the New West a bit differently. Works by, Frederick Jackson Turner.
History at your fingertips. Many aemrican critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the West as a distinctive region, much like the American South.
Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups. Udall, Ida Hunt and David King. According to the theory, the Germanic race appeared and evolved in the ancient Teutonic forests, endowed with a great capacity for politics and government. These iconographic images used by the two men were stage coaches, log cabins, wagon trains, and other popular symbols of western life.
Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future. Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery. The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to master the West and those effects are worth further study.
Frederick Jackson Turner
However, others viewed this interpretation as the impetus for a new wave in the history of United States imperialism. Subsequent critics, historians, and politicians have suggested that other ‘frontiers,’ such as scientific innovation, could serve similar functions in American development. Turner and Roosevelt diverged on the exact aspect of frontier life that shaped xmerican contemporary American.
It evokes exciting images that can range from braving the unknown to transforming a technology or a way of doing things.
The Frontier Debate
Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The frontier transformed Jeffersonian democracy into Jacksonian democracy.
Pearl Harbor attack, December 7,surprise aerial attack on the U. European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country’s institutions e. Although almost totally ignored at the time, Turner’s turner eventually gained such wide distribution and influence that a contemporary scholar has called it “the single most influential piece of writing in the history of American history.
Skip to main content. Whereas Turner saw the development of American character occur just behind the frontier line, as the colonists tamed and tilled the land, Roosevelt saw it form in battles just beyond the frontier line.
It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. Each of these played a vital role in the eventual mastering of the frontier wilderness; each would make provisions for those who would follow.
At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. American exceptionality could be placed in the hands of most any American institution, or even all the institutions together that made America a separate and unique nation.
The sources he drew from at the time were from earlier historians who had ignored women. More than a century after he first delivered his frontier thesis, historians still hotly debate Turner’s ideas and approach.
Settling Fermilab, —,” Illinois Historical Journal 88 1 pp. William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century. This demonstrated the importance of the West frededick a time when scholars often paid more attention to the East. Women had simply been “lumped” into one of Turners larger frontier categories.
The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker.
We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The Frontier in American History. Also, she pointed to the fact that Turner had many female friends, and even some female students, and he should have paid homage to women in light of this fact.
As a public intellectual himself, Turner promoted the study of history.